Eating and Drinking Through Peru: A Culinary Adventure

If you’re looking for the best cuisine in South America, Peru is one of the places you should go. Peru has a diverse culinary history dating back to the Incan civilization. Food is very important to the Incas and meals are expansive and varied. A typical Incan meal would not be complete without potatoes, maize, meats, fruits, and peppers. Peruvian cuisine was also influenced by its Spanish conquerors that introduced fruits and vegetables imported from Europe such as olives, limes, grapes, and apples. The cultivation of sugar cane in Peru bought about the development of native desserts and sweets. Modern Peruvian cuisine is greatly influenced by the large number of Chinese restaurants or “chifas” all over the country. This unique type of cuisine usually mixes local ingredients with Chinese spices and flavors.
The wide variety of Peruvian food is also influenced by its three major regions, the Costa, Selva and the Sierra. The different climates and landscapes influenced the type of fruits, vegetables and meats available. This variety of ingredients available has created dishes unique to each region but still maintain its Peruvian identity.
Tasting Peruvian cuisine is a great way of truly immersing yourself into the strong and vibrant culture of this country. Eating and drinking through Peru may be the best way to experience the culture better than any guided tour. Here’s a quick guide to get you started on your culinary adventure through Peru.
• The Costa. The Costa, or Peru’s coastal region, follows the Pacific coastline from north to south. The Costa is popular for its beautiful beaches and for its ceviche. Ceviche is the typical fare for most of the fisherfolk who live along the Peru’s coast. Ceviche is fresh fish, usually hake, marinated in lemon, lime, garlic and chili. The locals usually prepare this dish as soon as the catch of the day reaches the shore and is served with lettuce, tomatoes, and cold, sweet potatoes.
Peru’s capital, Lima, can also be found along the Costa. Lima is home to modern Peruvian cuisine which is the fusion of local ingredients like yams, potatoes, and seafood with oriental flavors.
• The Selva. The Selva makes up 60% of Peru which includes the Amazon River and the isolated rain forest region in the eastern part of the country. Industries there include tree removal, as well as some activism opportunities. Food in the Selva is often rustic and rich and this is best characterized by juanes. Juanes is similar to a tamal except it’s a bijao leaf filled with rice, spices, and stuffing. This stuffing can be yuca, fish, chicken or meat. It’s heavy, hearty, home-made fare that you can’t miss when going anywhere in Peru.
• The Sierra. The Sierra is dominated by Peru’s highland region called the Cordillera de los Andes. Cuisine from this region is most representative of the dishes that excited before the colonization of Spanish. Some Sierra locals even practice ancient cooking practices that existed during the Incas. When traveling through the region, lechon and rocoto relleno cannot be missed. Lechon is pig roasted in a stone oven underground. Rocoto relleno or stuffed red peppers is one of Peru’s most popular dishes. Authetic rocoto rellenos from the Sierra region are spicy and rich; not for the faint or weak at heart.


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Top things to see and do when you visit Peru

Peru is a spectacular country where you can spend your holidays. If you are a first timer in Peru, here are the Top things to see and do when you visit Peru:

Visit Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu remains very important historic site in Peru up to date. It’s regarded as the city that advancing Spaniards never found when they colonized and captured Peru. Macchu Picchu is currently considered amongst the wonders of the world because of its beauty

Assist in lifting women out of poverty at G-Adventure Planeterra

Here you will get an opportunity to learn about intricacies associated with ican textile designs and what each motif represents. You will learn this by watching several women who have babies on their back working on complicated looms. You will also find dozens of other women spinning raw alpaca wool while using top-like spindles as puppies and toddlers amuse themselves underfoot.

You will also discover fascinating ways of washing shorn fleece by washing and drying naturally using insects, minerals and plants to create vivid colors. Here you’ll get an opportunity to purchase anything that is locally made at a very affordable price

Buying Peruvian salts at their source

Maran salt pools are found at the sacred valley. These salt pool series are fed by a single salt water stream and gets harvested by local families. Like other forms of farming, the salt mines are terraced down hills creating a superb landscape. During dry seasons, waters evaporate leaving the mineral Rich-Peruvian salt

Spending some days inside the Amazon basin in Peru

You’ll just need a 2 hours drive from Peru’s capital, Lima to get to Puerto Maldonado. This is one of the highest elevated places in South America. This is the place to find dripping and muddy rain forests. There are also several eco-lodgings on river Apurimac. This is the river that forms the Amazon River in Brazil.

The Saldova Lake is also found here. This place is one of the most mind-blowing tourist sites in Peru. It’s at this place where you can have a rustic summer camp. You can also find the moist beautiful wildlife here

Learn about Peruvian history in Lima through their food

Lima Gourmet Company will make your culinary exploration memorable. It will most likely be the highlight of your tour in Peru. Although it’s enjoyable to be here during the day, its far much enjoyable to spend nights here. Making stops at the toughest reservation restaurants in Lima is always an amazing experience.

The exuberance in Lima is always infectious. Make sure you stop at hot restaurants in Cala, Amaz as well as Huaca Pulcana.

Visiting the Larco Museum in Lima

Apart for the Ceramic Porn Exhibit, the Larco Museum has several collections of pre-Inca pottery, silver and gold headdresses as well as masks. Here, you can also find several artifacts as well as multi-era archaeological sites. The building of the museum is also a wonder in itself. It is blanketed and whitewashed using bougainvillea vines that have diverse colors.

Inside the 1st storage gallery, you will find glass cases that are crammed using 45,000 ceremonial pitchers in food, animal as well as human shapes.

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Surprising facts about Peru

Every place in the world is unique with fascinating and surprising features, from coastal desert to exotic jungle, Peru is one of those places that stand above the crowd. Adventure in Peru is boundless, so many cultural and natural treasures that have surprised people for years and even today those who travel to Peru are fascinated by these treasures. There exist numerous reasons to visit Peru.

Besides the culture, the people, natural diversity the beaches and the drinks there are surprising facts about Peru that will make anyone want to visit Peru. These surprising facts about Peru are outlined below.

1. Lake Titicaca which is found in Peru is the highest navigable lake in the universe. This lake is ale so the home the Uros people who live on the floating islands. The name Titicaca is derived from Quechua terms Titi which means Puma and Kaka meaning stone. A visit to Peru wouldn’t be complete without a visit to this lake.

2. The Inca empire, one of the ancient empires, this was the largest empire in the world and history has it that the residents didn’t have a formal system of writing. The empire was in the current day Peru and when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century the kingdom was still there.

3. Peru has 28 distinct and different climates. When you visit Peru you can visit one the driest desert in the universe in the west and then the Amazon in the East which covers about half of Peru’s land. This is a fascinating climate and scenario that anyone would like to experience, totally distinct features, it is like visiting different planets that close to each other yet different in every way.

4. The two deepest canyons in the world are found in Peru. Among them the popular Colca Canyon which swarms with Andean Condors. Peru hosts some of the geographical pride, with the deepest canyons, this is one of the surprising features that would make you want to include Peru as one of your travel destination.

5. Peru has 3532 species of butterfly, 1816 different species of birds and 3500 different species of orchids. A visit to Peru Amazon rain forest gives the visitors a rich experience and a chance to see the wildlife located here.

6. Lima which is a city in Peru is one of the places in the world where Coca-Cola is not the leading soft drink. Inca Kola is the most popular soft drink in the country and in the city.

7. Unlike with other places where guinea pig is a pet, in Peru guinea pig is not a pet, it is a popular dish, usually served when whole. This is one of the places where you sit down in a restaurant and order Cuy (guinea pig) as a meal.

8. Lima, the capital city of the Republic of Peru, being a desert never experiences proper rain. The city usually experiences drizzle but not the proper rain.

9. Chips and French fries owe their origin to Peru.

A visit to Peru uncovers the above surprises and more, it is one of the best travel destination.

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Exploring Peruvian Geography, Climate, Weather, & Landscape

Peru harbors one of the most exciting sites and experience thanks to its extremely diverse geography, climate, weather and landscape. The diversity of Peru is mirrored by the fact that it covers 11 ecological regions and 84 of the world’s 117 varying types of “life zone”. Its geography offers a huge variety of scenery and natural resources in its 3 main regions where you get to experience the jungle, the highland and the coast all in one country and in one visit. The large and mountainous country is located on the Pacific Coast of South America bordering Colombia and Ecuador to the north, Bolivia and Brazil to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west and Chile to the South.


Peruvian weather differs according to area. Altitude fluctuations are so extreme to an extent that the weather can change from freezing snow within the mountains to torrid sun along the coast. Similarly, the coast envelops such an expansive stretch of longitude that the high temperature changes significantly as you go further south. At the Peruvian coast, winter spans from June to September. The weather are likely gloomy and vaguely humid during this time, but seldom cold. The Lima rarely receives rain, as well as most of the coast with the exception with Tumbes and Piura that experience tropical climates.


Between June and September, the highlands and mountainous regions are often sunlit throughout the day but it gets very cold at night. This is peak tourist season and the most appropriate time to vacation most regions. In the Andes, the rainy season begins in September and climaxes between January and March. This is a terrible and occasionally precarious period to try hiking. In the mountains and the jungle heavy rains are witnessed between December and April. It is rainy band oiling for the most part of the year, however there are sporadic cold surges that may require a jumper between March and September.


The coastal region of Peru comprises its capital, the Lima, which is a narrow coastal plain boasting of hefty tracts of wilderness conked out by fertile valleys. This area is home to the cotton, rice and sugar plantations as well as the majority of the so-far explored oil fields. The largest part of the Peruvian population also resides in this region. The best roads in Peru run along the coast, enclosing straight, even paths ahead of them, which makes travel times usually good in this region.


The highland zone of Peru encloses the Andes, with peaks that are over 20,000ft (6,000m), the majority of the nation’s mineral resources such as gold, silver, lead, gold, zinc, and copper and the best part of its livestock. Roads in this region wind up, down and about mountains making travelling more time-consuming. However, if you are the type that enjoys navigating long trips in the mountain, the highland part of Peru will give you a lifetime travel experience.


Selva, the Peruvian jungle is an expanse of fertile and subtropical land that slouches between the Andes and the boundaries with Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil and Ecuador. The Amazonian jungle boasts of enormous natural resources. The nonexistence of land communications, on the other hand, left the area mostly unexplored till the all-out oil exploration commenced in 1973. Even at present, roads hardly infiltrate this region. Some districts are best reached by means of small plane. Not a place to find yourself if you need quick access to medical equipment – but otherwise a terrific place to truly “get away from it all” like most people have never experienced before!


When travelling to Peru, all types of clothing are necessary. Lightweight clothes are suitable for summer along the coast, and on the other hand, thermals, gloves, hats, and ski jackets are a must have for winter up in the highland districts or mountains. Heavens open suddenly in the rainy season at the jungle so you must carry water proof clothing with you. If you are looking to explore the jungle, look for protective and waterproof footwear. For a mountain hiking, you require supportive boots for safety and comfort.

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Peruvian Culture and Customs

Peru is an exciting country in every aspect. From its gastronomy and cuisine, varied and full of flavors and colors, to its division in the jungle, highlands, and coast as well as traditional clothing, folk art expressions, and belief systems which offer cultural diversity. In this article, I will focus on Peruvian culture and customs which make Peru a country full of charms and nuances.


In each year, about 3000 popular festivals are held in Peru. These festivals are created by the coming together of different customs, experiences and creeds. Most of them remain from pre-Colombian time and they resulted from a fusion of pre-Hispanic and Catholicism religious traditions. They include the celebration of freedom, respect of nature, processions, saint feasts, carnivals and rituals among others.


Although Catholicism is the main religion, freedom of religion is a basic right in the Peruvian culture. About 10 percent of the population belongs to protestant faiths while the remaining 90 percent are Catholics. Religious festivals have a strong influence from Spanish practices. However, they are an indication of how various religions and beliefs of Peru’s pre-Hispanic cultures exist together. Paying back the earth is part of major celebration across most religions and is about honoring and acknowledging mother Earth (Pachamama) for her generosity.


A legacy of various native languages that coexist in this territory expresses the great culture of ancient Peru. Spanish is the official language enforced by both the government and education system. It was introduced by Spaniards and was forced upon the indigenous population during the Spanish Crown colonial period. The Spanish spoken in this country is unique and it combines the Castilian tongue of numerous Aymara and Quechua terms. Both Quechua and Aymara languages are also recognized by the Peruvian constitution and they are spoken variedly in different Andean regions.

An extensive network of exporters shows that Peruvian crafts are among the most varied around the globe. They exhibit the talent of Peruvian handicraft artisans in Asian, North American, and European markets each year. The diversity, creativity, multi-functionality and colorfulness of Peruvian handicrafts make them fundamental activity for forming a Peruvian identity as well as for the survival of many families and also towns such as Quinoa, Ayacucho, and Sarhua.


Through the discovery of weaving, silver, pottery, gourds, stone, gold, and wood, pre-Hispanic Peruvian art has been dated back to ancient times where artisans had highly developed technical skills. The ancestral heritage is seen today in the mountain, jungle, and coastal towns in a variety of high-quality handicraft items such as Huamanga stone carvings, wood carvings, woven items, carved gourds, silver filigree, chulucanas pottery, monsefu ponchos, and Ayacuchan altars among others. These crafts are highly valued around the world.


Music and dance have played an important role in the Peruvian society since pre-Hispanic times. Ancient Peruvians used reeds, animal bones, and sea shells to produce sounds. Peruvians of Nazca culture were the most important on the continent. Some of the major musical instruments were trumpets, zamponas, pututos, and terracotta. The music touched themes of war, profanity, and religion.


Today, Peru has a rich and diverse folklore and a wide variety of both music and dancing that include indigenous spirit and genres with Spanish influences as well as modern styles.

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