Exploring Peruvian Geography, Climate, Weather, & Landscape

Peru harbors one of the most exciting sites and experience thanks to its extremely diverse geography, climate, weather and landscape. The diversity of Peru is mirrored by the fact that it covers 11 ecological regions and 84 of the world’s 117 varying types of “life zone”. Its geography offers a huge variety of scenery and natural resources in its 3 main regions where you get to experience the jungle, the highland and the coast all in one country and in one visit. The large and mountainous country is located on the Pacific Coast of South America bordering Colombia and Ecuador to the north, Bolivia and Brazil to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west and Chile to the South.


Peruvian weather differs according to area. Altitude fluctuations are so extreme to an extent that the weather can change from freezing snow within the mountains to torrid sun along the coast. Similarly, the coast envelops such an expansive stretch of longitude that the high temperature changes significantly as you go further south. At the Peruvian coast, winter spans from June to September. The weather are likely gloomy and vaguely humid during this time, but seldom cold. The Lima rarely receives rain, as well as most of the coast with the exception with Tumbes and Piura that experience tropical climates.


Between June and September, the highlands and mountainous regions are often sunlit throughout the day but it gets very cold at night. This is peak tourist season and the most appropriate time to vacation most regions. In the Andes, the rainy season begins in September and climaxes between January and March. This is a terrible and occasionally precarious period to try hiking. In the mountains and the jungle heavy rains are witnessed between December and April. It is rainy band oiling for the most part of the year, however there are sporadic cold surges that may require a jumper between March and September.


The coastal region of Peru comprises its capital, the Lima, which is a narrow coastal plain boasting of hefty tracts of wilderness conked out by fertile valleys. This area is home to the cotton, rice and sugar plantations as well as the majority of the so-far explored oil fields. The largest part of the Peruvian population also resides in this region. The best roads in Peru run along the coast, enclosing straight, even paths ahead of them, which makes travel times usually good in this region.


The highland zone of Peru encloses the Andes, with peaks that are over 20,000ft (6,000m), the majority of the nation’s mineral resources such as gold, silver, lead, gold, zinc, and copper and the best part of its livestock. Roads in this region wind up, down and about mountains making travelling more time-consuming. However, if you are the type that enjoys navigating long trips in the mountain, the highland part of Peru will give you a lifetime travel experience.


Selva, the Peruvian jungle is an expanse of fertile and subtropical land that slouches between the Andes and the boundaries with Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil and Ecuador. The Amazonian jungle boasts of enormous natural resources. The nonexistence of land communications, on the other hand, left the area mostly unexplored till the all-out oil exploration commenced in 1973. Even at present, roads hardly infiltrate this region. Some districts are best reached by means of small plane. Not a place to find yourself if you need quick access to medical equipment – but otherwise a terrific place to truly “get away from it all” like most people have never experienced before!


When travelling to Peru, all types of clothing are necessary. Lightweight clothes are suitable for summer along the coast, and on the other hand, thermals, gloves, hats, and ski jackets are a must have for winter up in the highland districts or mountains. Heavens open suddenly in the rainy season at the jungle so you must carry water proof clothing with you. If you are looking to explore the jungle, look for protective and waterproof footwear. For a mountain hiking, you require supportive boots for safety and comfort.

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